To promote primary prevention of cervical cancer, a nurse created a poster for a booth at a health fair. Which of the following recommendations should the nurse include on the poster?


• Early treatment of cervical infections can prevent chronic cervicitis. Cervicitis can lead to dysplasia of the cervix and increases the risk for cervical cancer because cervical dysplasia marks an early change in cervical cells that can be considered as premalignant.

• Other risk factors for cervical cancer include using birth control pills (oral contraceptives) for five years or more, smoking, HIV, human papillomavirus (HPV), and giving birth to three or more children. HPV is a common virus that can be passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse. 

• Use of vaginal douches does not decrease the risk for cervical cancer. For early detection of breast cancer, BSE must be done monthly but it is not used for the primary prevention of cervical cancer.

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