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Which of the following actions should be included in the teaching plan for the parents of a preschool-aged child with pediculosis capitis?

Explanation

• The teaching plan for pediculosis capitis (head lice) should include measures for eliminating the infestation and preventing its spread.

• Because head lice can live for up to three days between hosts, linens are a common source of infestation. All linens and clothes should be machine washed in hot water for at least 30 minutes.

• Medicated shampoo is the preferred treatment. Examples include Nix and RID.

Incorrect options:

• Administering a topical anti-itch medication is not recommended.

• Calamine is a topical anti-itch medication. Burow's solution is an antibacterial agent used for poison ivy and sumac. Neither are used in the treatment of head lice.

• Hair-combing must be performed along with the medicated shampoo treatments using a special nit comb (i.e., a fine-toothed comb).

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