Which of the following would the nurse include when providing teaching to a woman with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who wants to get pregnant?


• A C-section is not necessary based solely on the mother being HIV-positive. Elective C-section is not necessary if women can achieve viral loads below 1,000 by the due date. If the viral load is higher, c-sections are done to minimize the risk of transmission from contact with blood during the birth process.

• Not all children born to HIV-positive mothers contract the disease.

• The patient will want to discuss the risk with her partner. Any time a barrier method (like a condom) is not used, the risk of transmission of the virus is higher.

• Birth control is taken to prevent pregnancy, but does not prevent the transmission of HIV to her sexual partner. This patient wants to get pregnant, so telling her to stay on birth control would be inappropriate.

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