A child is receiving chemotherapy after surgery for a neuroblastoma. Which of the following nursing interventions can help prevent or reduce nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy?

Administering an antiemetic 30 minutes before chemotherapy

Explanation

•Antiemetics counteract nausea most effectively when given before administration of an agent that causes nausea. Continued therapy helps to control any nausea or vomiting that does develop.

•Neuroblastomas are treated with surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination.

Incorrect options:

•A high-fiber diet has no effect on reducing nausea and vomiting. High fluid intake during periods of nausea exaggerates the symptoms and may increase vomiting.

•Eating before chemotherapy enhances nutrition, but may increase the risk of vomiting when nausea develops.

Visit our website for other NCLEX topics now!