A nurse is preparing discharge instructions for a patient diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Which of the following should the nurse include in the discharge instructions?

Ask any sexual partners to be tested for HIV.
Avoid contact with anyone who has a cold, the flu, or other contagious condition.
Avoid sharing toothbrushes.

Explanation

• AIDS is concentrated in the blood. Therefore, the patient should avoid sharing items that may be contaminated with blood, such as a toothbrush or razors

• All sexual partners should be tested for HIV, and future partners should be made aware that no barrier method (such as condoms) are 100% effective in preventing transmission

• Patients with AIDS are immunocompromised and are less capable of battling infections, so they should be instructed to avoid those who are sick

• AIDS is not transmitted by kitchen utensils, food, or showers (unless they have been contaminated with blood)

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