A nurse is preparing discharge instructions for a patient diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Which of the following should the nurse include in the discharge instructions?


• AIDS is concentrated in the blood. Therefore, the patient should avoid sharing items that may be contaminated with blood, such as a toothbrush or razors

• All sexual partners should be tested for HIV, and future partners should be made aware that no barrier method (such as condoms) are 100% effective in preventing transmission

• Patients with AIDS are immunocompromised and are less capable of battling infections, so they should be instructed to avoid those who are sick

• AIDS is not transmitted by kitchen utensils, food, or showers (unless they have been contaminated with blood)

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