A nurse is providing instructions to a patient with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The nurse should include which information?

Avoid coffee and chocolate.
Avoid spicy foods and alcohol.
Eat 4-6 small meals each day.


• A patient with GERD should take steps to reduce gastric acid secretion and reflux

• The patient should eat frequent, smaller meals to avoid over distention and reflux

• Coffee, chocolate, spicy foods and alcohol can increase gastric acid secretion and decrease esophageal sphincter tone

• The head of bed should be elevated to prevent reflux while sleeping

• Drinking a lot of water with meals should be avoided because this can cause the stomach to be overdistended and cause reflux

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