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A patient recently diagnosed with primary hypertension asks the nurse about the risk factors. The nurse lists the risk factors for primary hypertension, including which of the following?

Explanation

• Risk factors for primary hypertension include high salt and fat intake, obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, inactivity, caffeine, and vitamin D deficiency

• Secondary hypertension has identifiable causes, which include but are not limited to renal disease, Cushing's syndrome, hyperthyroidism, hyperaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, hormonal contraceptives, and diabetes

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