A patient taking a bisphosphonate for osteoporosis is receiving education about medication administration. The nurse should instruct the patient to:

Maintain adequate calcium and vitamin D intake
Take on an empty stomach
Take with a full glass of water

Explanation

•The patient should take bisphosphonates with a full glass of water, and on an empty stomach in the morning to increase absorption.

•It is important for the patient to receive adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D to promote bone formation.

•Vitamin K intake is not associated with osteoporosis or bisphosphonates.

•Antacids may reduce absorption, therefore, they should be avoided.

•Patients should sit or stand, not lie down, for thirty minutes after administration.

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