A patient with multiple fractures, including a skull fracture, is unconscious but has an advance directive and power of attorney. Some friends visit and ask the nurse what the patient's prognosis is. How should the nurse respond?


•The nurse cannot discuss confidential information without the patient's consent. The nurse should politely inform the visitors that she cannot discuss patient information, and that they should talk with the patient's power of attorney.

•The patient is unconscious and unable to answer the visitor's questions.

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