A patient with schizophrenia is unable to get out of bed and get dressed unless the nurse prompts every step. This is an example of which behavior?


• The symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into positive and negative symptoms.

• Positive symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and grossly disorganized thinking, speech, and behavior.

• Negative symptoms include a flat affect, avolition, and social withdrawal or discomfort.

• Avolition refers to a negative symptom; the impairment of motivation or the ability to initiate goal-directed activity.

• Incorrect: Word salad is when a group of words is put together in a random fashion without a logical connection.

• Incorrect: Tangentiality is when a person's speech deviates from the subject and is not relevant.

• Incorrect: Perseveration is when a person repeats the same word or idea in response to different questions.

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