A severe flood has reduced road access to a hospital and has created a staff shortage. A busy orthopedic unit only has one RN, three LPNs, and two nursing assistants. Which of the following nursing delivery systems is best suited for this staff shortage?
•Functional nursing is task-oriented. A specific nursing task is assigned to each staff member and all report to the head nurse. The RN is responsible for assessments, admissions, and discharges. The LPNs are responsible for medications. The nursing assistants are responsible for mobilization, positioning, feeding, etc.
•Primary nursing and case method require more RNs to provide complete care for a group of patients.
•Team nursing would require additional nurses and does not best utilize the limited staff.