A teenager is being seen by a nurse during a sports physical. The patient complains about how her acne is perceived by others. This patient is in what stage of development?

Identity vs. role confusion


•Teenagers are very concerned with how they appear to others. They struggle to form their identity and to belong to a society and fit in.

•Identity vs. role confusion (13-19).

•In this stage, teens are learning about the roles they will occupy as adults. They examine their identities and values to find out who they are (identity).

•Failure to establish a sense of identity leads to an identity crisis, which often results in rebellion or establishment of a negative identity (role confusion).

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development:
• Basic trust vs mistrust (0-18 mos)

• Autonomy vs. shame and doubt (18 mos-3 yrs)

• Initiative vs. guilt (3-6)

• Industry vs. inferiority (6-12)

• Identity vs. role confusion (13-19)

• Intimacy vs. isolation (20-39)

• Generativity vs. stagnation (40-64)

• Ego integrity vs. despair (65-death)

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