An elderly man is prescribed morphine sulfate for acute pain management. The patient is on bed rest and is NPO. The nurse is most concerned about which side effect of morphine sulfate?


•Opioid analgesics commonly cause constipation, especially in the elderly and patients on bed rest.

•Opioid analgesics can cause nausea and dizziness, but this patient is at a higher risk for constipation.

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