In the teaching plan for the client with heart failure (HF), the nurse includes the definition of the condition. Select all the appropriate descriptions of HF.


• Heart failure is a physiologic state in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the metabolic needs of the body

• The heart fails when, because of intrinsic disease or structural defects, it cannot handle a normal blood volume or, in the absence of disease, cannot tolerate a sudden expansion in blood volume

• Heart failure is characterized by manifestations of volume overload, inadequate tissue perfusion, and poor exercise tolerance

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