The nurse is administering hydromorphone, 1 mg PO, to a patient with moderate abdominal pain. The nurse can expect the patient's pain to improve after:


•Hydromorphone, when administered orally, has an onset of 15-30 minutes, a peak of 30-60 minutes, and duration of 2-3 hours.

•The patient may begin to feel relief in 15-30 minutes, but reassessment of the pain would be done in 30-45 minutes after the medication has peaked.

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