The nurse is assessing a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The patient is confused and light-headed. The nurse should administer

15-20 g of simple sugar, such as juice

Explanation

• The patient is showing signs of hypoglycemia. A conscious patient with hypoglycemia should be given simple, fast-acting carbohydrates, such as juice or candy.

• An unconscious patient with hypoglycemia should be administered IV 50% dextrose or SQ glucagon.

• Insulin administration is not appropriate during a hypoglycemic event.

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