The nurse is educating a patient with scoliosis about the potential complications associated with this disease. Which complications should the nurse discuss with the patient?


• Due to spinal curvature, impairment of pulmonary function may occur in severe cases of scoliosis, leading to difficulty breathing (shortness of breath or dyspnea).

•  Low back pain may develop over time due to the curvature of the spine and the extra strain it puts on the vertebrae.

•Adrenal dysfunction, kidney stone formation, and spinal hemorrhage are not associated with scoliosis.

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