The nurse is providing instructions to a patient with a muscle strain of the right biceps femoris. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include?

Apply ice packs for the first 48 hours, then use heat packs.
Elevate the extremity on a pillow when resting.
Rest the muscle, avoiding activities that are painful.

Explanation

• For soft tissue injuries, Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation can reduce swelling and discomfort

• After sustaining a muscle strain, the patient should apply ice packs for the first 24-48 hours to reduce swelling. After swelling is reduced, the patient should use heat packs to promote healing and reduce discomfort

• Heat packs for the first 12-24 hours would increase swelling and discomfort

• Weight lifting should be avoided for at least 1-2 weeks so the muscle has a chance to heal. Heavy lifting with the injured muscle before it is healed may worsen the injury

Visit our website for other NCLEX topics now!