When caring for a clinically stable patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the nurse consults with the dietician who advises inclusion of which foods in his diet?


• Malnutrition is common in patients with advanced CKD because of a lower food intake (principally due to anorexia), decreased intestinal absorption and digestion, and metabolic acidosis

• Patients are advised to avoid sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and eat a low-protein diet

• Peaches and other fruits are low-sodium foods that are appropriate choices

• Patients with CKD must avoid phosphorous-rich foods, including cheese and nuts

• Low-sodium foods are advised for patients with CKD, which include fresh meat, chicken, and fish

• Convenience foods such as pizza, pot pies, ravioli, soups, and chips have added salt, making them inappropriate choices

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