Which of the following is the priority nursing action to minimize risk of infection for a child with skeletal traction?

Perform pin site care


•To minimize the risk of infection at the pin sites, perform pin site care according to the institution’s policy. Adhere to standard precautions and use aseptic technique. Pin site care helps keep the area clean.

Incorrect options:

•Vital sign changes can indicate infection, such as increased temperature and heart rate and decreased blood pressure. Inspecting the pin sites for signs of redness, swelling, irritation or drainage are important assessments but do not actively minimize infection as well as providing pin site care.

•Providing a well-balanced diet with adequate protein and calories for tissue repair is important for healing but does not minimize infections.

Anticipating antibiotic administration based on culture reports does not minimize infections. Administering antibiotic therapy specific to the organism involved is necessary to treat the infection, though.

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