Which of the following physical assessment findings would require the nurse to refer a patient to a breast cancer specialist?


•Breast neoplasms are usually singular, hard, and irregularly-shaped with poorly defined edges. They are also fixed and do not easily move.

•Freely movable lesions are indicative of fibrocystic changes, not cancer.

•Breast tenderness during or before menses is normal.

•Most neoplasms occur unilaterally. Bilateral symptoms are most likely benign.

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