The nurse is assessing a 5-month-old girl who is confined due to congenital clubfoot. The infant is scheduled for corrective serial casting. Which of the following deformities would be present?


•In clubfoot, the infant will have inversion, adduction, and equinus (plantar flexion) of the foot and ankle.

•The feet of many newborns turn in because of intrauterine position. This simple deviation needs no correction if the feet can be brought into the midline position by easy manipulation.

•Non-surgical treatment with the Ponseti Method is the standard. This involves foot manipulations over time to correct the deformities. It was invented by Ignacio Ponseti of the University of Iowa.

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