The nurse is providing teaching to a client with newly-diagnosed heart failure. Which description(s) of heart failure should the nurse include? 


• Heart failure is a physiologic state in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the metabolic needs of the body.

• The heart fails when, because of intrinsic disease or structural defects, it cannot handle a normal blood volume or, in the absence of disease, cannot tolerate a sudden expansion in blood volume.

• Heart failure is characterized by manifestations of volume overload, inadequate tissue perfusion, and poor exercise tolerance.

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