•Hyperkalemia can be effectively treated by administering insulin and dextrose 50%.
•Insulin will shift potassium from the extracellular space to the intracellular space, and dextrose 50% will prevent the patient from becoming hypoglycemic.
•Hypokalemia is treated with potassium administration.
•Hyperglycemia is treated will insulin, without additional sugar.
•Hyponatremia is treated based on the underlying cause.