•Because cental venous lines increase the risk of pneumothorax, a chest x-ray is needed to confirm catheter location and the absence of a pneumothorax.
•The nurse should not infuse I.V. fluids or medications or remove the guide wire until catheter location has been confirmed by x-ray.
•Notifying the physician is unnecessary.
A nurse is preparing to administer I.V. fluids that will not alter serum osmolarity or pull fluid into or out of the intravascular space. Which fluid should the nurse administer?
A 79-year-old male patient has cancer with end-stage renal disease. Which of the following excludes the patient from qualifying for hospice?